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A-Z of shooting
Airgun: A gun, it could be a rifle or a pistol, that uses compressed air or carbon dioxide to discharge lead pellets.
Bore: The interior diameter of a gun barrel also known as the calibre or gauge.
Bull: The blackened middle ring of a target that appears as a dot to the shooter taking aim. The centre ring is worth ten and may also be known as the bullseye.
Bunker: In the trap event this is the underground bunker in front of the firing line from which machines throw clay targets.
Calibre: The interior diameter of a rifle or pistol barrel.
Cartridge: The total components of a piece of ammunition which include the projectile, case, powder and primer.
Challenge: A shooter's appeal for a target to be re-scored.
Chamber: The rear part of the gun barrel into which a cartridge is enclosed for firing.
Crossfire: A shot accidentally fired onto another competitors target.
Firing Line: The line behind which shooters position themselves to fire at their targets.
Free pistol: A 0.22 calibre pistol that is considered relatively "free" of restrictions.
International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF): The world governing body for shooting sports.
Malfunction: A firearm or ammunition's failure to perform. The gun's inability to fire when the trigger is released.
Metallic Sight: Non-magnifying devices on the front and rear ends of a gun used to aid aiming.
Offhand: A term used to refer to the standing shooting position.
Pits: In 0.22 calibre shooting this the area downrange where targets are placed for use.
Sighters: Practice shots fired at the start of a match to check sight adjustments. These do not count in the match score.
String: A series of five, ten or more shots.
Stock: The wooden, metal, plastic or fibreglass end section of a rifle or shotgun, to which the barrel, action, trigger assembly and other parts of the gun are attached.
Ten-Ring: The inner ring of the black section of the target.
This page was updated on 5/3/2007 2